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Oral β-glucan reduces infarction size and improves regional contractile function in a porcine ischaemia/reperfusion model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22228849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVESWe previously reported a cardioprotective effect of oral β-glucan in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The present study was conducted to determine whether oral β-glucan could reduce myocardial infarction size and whether these changes would be reflected by better preservation of contractile indices measured by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE).METHODSFourteen pigs were randomized to receive oral β-glucan 50 mg/kg (n = 7) or placebo (control, n = 7) 10 days before they were anaesthetized and subjected to 1 h clamping of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed by reperfusion for 3 h. Longitudinal strain, circumferential strain and radial strain were assessed by STE after 3 h of reperfusion. Infarction size and area at risk were determined by Evans blue and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining.RESULTSPretreatment with β-glucan reduced the infarct area/area at risk ratio by 36% (P < 0.05) and the total necrotic area of the left ventricle by 37% (P < 0.05) compared with controls. Viable myocardium at risk was 30% higher in the β-glucan vs. control group (P < 0.05). Anterior apical strain values for β-glucan vs. control were -4.7 ± 9.4 vs. 5.9 ± 6.1% (P < 0.05) for longitudinal strain, -14.7 ± 6.6 vs. -7.7 ± 4.3 (P < 0.05) for circumferential strain, 15.1 ± 7.7 vs. 7.1 ± 11.8 (ns) for radial strain.CONCLUSIONSOral β-glucan pretreatment reduces infarction size and improves regional contractile function in a porcine ischaemia/reperfusion model.
Authors:
Erling Aarsæther; Espen Straumbotn; Assami Rösner; Rolf Busund
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
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