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Oral contraceptives in the prevention of endometrioma recurrence: does the different progestins used make a difference?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23580011     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to analyze the endometrioma recurrence rate in patients who underwent laparoscopic excision followed by postoperative long-term regimen of oral contraceptives (OCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 168 patients who underwent a conservative laparoscopic surgery for endometrioma, during the period between September 2009 and August 2010 in three university hospitals were studied. A long-term OCs therapy was offered to all women following surgery. Patients were randomly divided into three groups according to different progestins used (desogestrel, gestodene, dienogest). Women who refused a postoperative hormonal therapy served as control. Follow-up visits and transvaginal scan were planned at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. All patients who showed an ultrasound persistence of the endometrioma at 1 month follow-up were excluded from clinical analysis. RESULTS: Of the 168 patients, 131 completed the 24 months follow-up. Endometrioma recurrence was found in 21 (12.5 %) of all patients, it was unilateral in 17 cases while bilateral in 4 cases. The rate of recurrent endometrioma was statistically significant in non-users compared to the long-term OCs treated patients. CONCLUSION: The current data suggest the usefulness of long-term OCs regimen after conservative surgery for the prevention of ovarian endometrioma recurrence. As a statistical significant difference could not be observed between OCs groups, further study on the individual molecules is required in order to really understand the effect of each of them.
Authors:
Gaspare Cucinella; Roberta Granese; Gloria Calagna; Alessandro Svelato; Salvatore Saitta; Gabriele Tonni; Pasquale De Franciscis; Nicola Colacurci; Antonino Perino
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gynecology and obstetrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0711     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710213     Medline TA:  Arch Gynecol Obstet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital ''Paolo Giaccone'', Palermo, Italy.
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