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Oral choline tolerance test as a novel noninvasive method for predicting nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23503837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Although therapeutic intervention for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) at an early stage is important owing to the progressive nature of the disease, diagnosis using noninvasive methods remains difficult. We previously demonstrated NASH specific impairment of choline metabolism and the use of fasting plasma free choline (fCh) levels for NASH diagnosis. Here, we investigated the utility of an oral choline tolerance test (OCTT), based on disordered choline metabolism, as a novel noninvasive method for NASH diagnosis. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with biopsy proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and 17 healthy controls were enrolled. Blood samples were obtained from all subjects five times during the OCTT (before and 1, 2, 3, and 4 h after oral loading with 260 mg choline). RESULTS: Four-hour fCh levels after oral loading choline were markedly increased in NASH patients, compared with non-NASH subjects. For detecting NASH, compared with non-NASH subjects, the area under the curve for 4-h fCh levels was 0.829 on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The cut-off level for NASH diagnosis was ≥0.16 mg/dL, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 80.1, 82.6, 78.4, and 84.4 %, respectively. Moreover, 4-h fCh levels were significantly associated with the disease activity based on NAFLD activity score in patients with NAFLD. CONCLUSIONS: Four-hour fCh levels obtained by an OCTT reflect a NASH specific disorder of choline metabolism, suggesting that the OCTT is a novel and useful noninvasive method for diagnosing NASH at an early stage with sufficient accuracy for clinical practice.
Kento Imajo; Masato Yoneda; Koji Fujita; Takaomi Kessoku; Wataru Tomeno; Yuji Ogawa; Yoshiyasu Shinohara; Yusuke Sekino; Hironori Mawatari; Yuichi Nozaki; Hiroyuki Kirikoshi; Masataka Taguri; Gen Toshima; Junichiro Takahashi; Satoru Saito; Koichiro Wada; Atsushi Nakajima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-3-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-5922     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9430794     Medline TA:  J Gastroenterol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Gastroenterology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 236-0004, Japan.
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