Document Detail

Oral carbohydrate rinse: placebo or beneficial?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23851408     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Carbohydrates during exercise can improve exercise performance even when the exercise intensity is high (>75% V˙O2max) and the duration relatively short (approximately 1 h), but the underlying mechanisms for the ergogenic effects are different from those during more prolonged exercise. Studies have even shown effects of oral carbohydrate mouth rinses compared to placebo with improvements typically between 2% and 3% during exercise lasting approximately 1 h. The effects appear more profound after an overnight fast, but effects are still present even after ingestion of a meal. Brain imaging studies have identified brain areas involved, and it is likely that the oral carbohydrate mouth rinse results in afferent signals capable of modifying motor output. These effects appear to be specific to carbohydrate and are independent of taste. Further research is warranted to fully understand the separate taste transduction pathways for various carbohydrates as well as the practical implications.
Asker E Jeukendrup
Related Documents :
20585818 - A case of mixed type of paroxysmal dyskinesia: is there an overlap between two clinical...
23141188 - A meta-analytic review of the hypoalgesic effects of exercise.
20558528 - Changes in the timed finger-to-nose task performance following exercise of different in...
11881268 - Development of an exercise self-efficacy questionnaire for older mexican american women.
2041488 - Hypotheses to explain the association between vigorous physical activity and amyotrophi...
17628928 - Conceptions of well-being in psychology and exercise psychology research: a philosophic...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current sports medicine reports     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1537-8918     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Publication Date:    2013 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134380     Medline TA:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  222-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Gatorade Sports Science Institute, Barrington, IL; and School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, United Kingdom.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Hierarchical inorganic-organic multi-shell nanospheres for intervention and treatment of lead-contam...
Next Document:  Fueling the rugby player: maximizing performance on and off the pitch.