Document Detail


Oral cadmium exposure of adults in Germany. 2: Market basket calculations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9602918     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The cadmium intake of adults in Germany was calculated within the framework of market basket studies. Data were available on cadmium content of representative food assortments from 1988 and 1991. Food intake data were obtained within the second MONICA (MONItoring trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease) survey 1988 and the nutrition survey in the new Federal lands 1991/92. Combining both data sets, an average cadmium intake of adults was found to be in the range 10-14 micrograms/day. This cadmium intake is 16-19% of the Provisional Tolerable Weekly Intake (PTWI) for cadmium and a toxicological risk from orally consumed cadmium can be excluded. The results were comparable to literature values. Cadmium intake was higher in men than in women owing to their higher food consumption. No differences were observed between cadmium intake in 1988 and 1991. The relative contribution of different food groups to cadmium consumption amounted to: bread, cake and pastries, 41%; potatoes, 14%; vegetables, 10%; meat, sausage and fish 9%.
Authors:
M Müller; M Anke; H Illing-Günther; C Thiel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:    1998 Feb-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-15     Completed Date:  1998-06-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Friedrich Schiller University, Biological-Pharmaceutical Faculty, Institute of Nutrition and Environment, Jena, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cadmium / administration & dosage,  analysis*
Diet
Female
Food Analysis*
Germany
Humans
Male
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-43-9/Cadmium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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