Document Detail

Oral anticoagulation and risk of death: a medical record linkage study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12424167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To study how mortality varies with different degrees of anticoagulation reflected by the international normalised ratio (INR).
DESIGN: Record linkage analysis with death hazard estimated as a continuous function of INR.
DATA SOURCES: 46 anticoagulation clinics in Sweden with computerised medical records.
SUBJECTS: Records for 42 451 patients, 3533 deaths, and 1.25 million INR measurements.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mortality from all causes and from intracranial haemorrhage.
RESULTS: Mortality from all causes of death was strongly related to level of INR. Minimum risk of death was attained at 2.2 INR for all patients and 2.3 INR for patients with mechanical heart valve prostheses. A high INR was associated with an excess mortality: with an increase of 1 unit of INR above 2.5, the risks of death from cerebral bleeding (149 deaths) and from any cause were about doubled. Among patients with an INR of > or =3.0, 1069 deaths occurred within 7 weeks; if the risk coincided with that with an INR of 2.9, the expected number of deaths would have been 569. Thus at least 500 deaths were associated with a high INR value, but not necessarily caused by the treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: The excess mortality associated with high INR values supports the use of less intensive treatment and a small therapeutic window, with INR close to 2.2-2.3 irrespective of the indication for anticoagulant treatment. More preventive actions should be taken to avoid episodes of high INR.
Anders Odén; Martin Fahlén
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMJ (Clinical research ed.)     Volume:  325     ISSN:  1756-1833     ISO Abbreviation:  BMJ     Publication Date:  2002 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-08     Completed Date:  2002-12-09     Revised Date:  2013-04-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8900488     Medline TA:  BMJ     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1073-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Valler 190, S-442 92 Romelanda, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Anticoagulants / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Cause of Death
Cerebral Hemorrhage / chemically induced,  mortality
Death, Sudden / etiology*
International Normalized Ratio
Poisson Distribution
Proportional Hazards Models
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Sweden / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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