Document Detail

Optimizing the introduction of complementary foods in the infant's diet: a unique challenge in developing countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17824854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Being one of a series of technical support papers pertaining to the South African paediatric food-based dietary guidelines, this paper specifically deals with two of the guidelines proposed for the age group 6-12 months regarding the introduction of complementary foods in the infant's diet. Studies have shown that most of South African infants receive solid foods at the age of 4 months or earlier while only a small percentage are breastfed exclusively until 6 months. The untimely and inappropriate introduction of complementary foods have been shown to be risk factors for both under- and over-nutrition with resultant under- or overweight, stunting and micronutrient deficiencies. Optimal timing for the introduction of complementary foods will depend on the infant's physiological and developmental status. Small, frequent meals of easily digestable, smooth, semisolid nutrient- and energy-dense complementary foods should initially be offered while gradually increasing variety in both the type and texture of food. Protein and carbohydrate intake should increase with the infant's age while preference should be given to foods rich in micronutrients. It should be observed that certain foods, such as fresh cow's milk and egg white, because of their allergenic properties, as well as fat-free and high-fibre foods, excessive fruit juice and low nutrient value drinks such as tea are not recommended. Timely introduction of appropriate complementary foods is vital for the immediate and long-term health of the infant and caregivers should be accordingly advised on feeding at this age.
Julanda van der Merwe; Megan Kluyts; Nadia Bowley; Debbie Marais
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Maternal & child nutrition     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1740-8695     ISO Abbreviation:  Matern Child Nutr     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-10     Completed Date:  2007-12-03     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101201025     Medline TA:  Matern Child Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  259-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Developing Countries
Infant Food / standards*
Infant Nutrition Disorders / prevention & control*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
Nutrition Policy*
Nutritive Value
Practice Guidelines as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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