Document Detail

Optimizing the definition of intrauterine growth restriction: the multicenter prospective PORTO Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23531326     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Prospective Observational Trial to Optimize Pediatric Health in Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) (PORTO Study), a national prospective observational multicenter study, was to evaluate which sonographic findings were associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality in pregnancies affected by growth restriction, originally defined as estimated fetal weight (EFW) <10th centile.
STUDY DESIGN: Over 1100 consecutive ultrasound-dated singleton pregnancies with EFW <10th centile were recruited from January 2010 through June 2012. A range of IUGR definitions were used, including EFW or abdominal circumference <10th, <5th, or <3rd centiles, with or without oligohydramnios and with or without abnormal umbilical arterial Doppler (pulsatility index >95th centile, absent or reversed end-diastolic flow). Adverse perinatal outcome, defined as a composite outcome of intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, and death was documented for all cases.
RESULTS: Of 1116 fetuses, 312 (28%) were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit and 58 (5.2%) were affected by adverse perinatal outcome including 8 mortalities (0.7%). The presence of abnormal umbilical Doppler was significantly associated with adverse outcome, irrespective of EFW or abdominal circumference measurement. The only sonographic weight-related definition consistently associated with adverse outcome was EFW <3rd centile (P = .0131); all mortalities had EFW <3rd centile. Presence of oligohydramnios was clinically important when combined with EFW <3rd centile (P = .0066).
CONCLUSION: Abnormal umbilical artery Doppler and EFW <3rd centile were strongly and most consistently associated with adverse perinatal outcome. Our data call into question the current definitions of IUGR used. Future studies may address whether using stricter IUGR cutoffs comparing various definitions and management strategies has implications on resource allocation and pregnancy outcome.
Julia Unterscheider; Sean Daly; Michael Patrick Geary; Mairead Mary Kennelly; Fionnuala Mary McAuliffe; Keelin O'Donoghue; Alyson Hunter; John Joseph Morrison; Gerard Burke; Patrick Dicker; Elizabeth Catherine Tully; Fergal Desmond Malone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  208     ISSN:  1097-6868     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  290.e1-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address:
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