Document Detail

Optimizing closure materials for upper lid blepharoplasty: a randomized, controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21199097     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Although upper eyelid blepharoplasty is a common procedure, subtleties in surgical technique can affect cosmetic outcomes. Suture materials commonly used include polypropylene, monofilament nylon, fast-absorbing gut, and ethylcyanoacrylate (ECA) tissue adhesive.
OBJECTIVE: To assess upper lid blepharoplasty scars in participants whose incision had been closed with 6-0 polypropylene sutures, 6-0 fast-absorbing gut sutures, or ECA.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, split-eyelid, single-blind, prospective study of the short- (1 month) and intermediate-term (3 months) efficacy of polypropylene, fast-absorbing gut, and ECA on 36 consecutive upper lid blepharoplasties. Participants and a blinded physician evaluator evaluated cosmetic outcome 1 and 3 months after the procedure.
RESULTS: Three subgroups tested were ECA versus fast-absorbing gut, ECA versus polypropylene, and fast-absorbing gut versus polypropylene. At 1 month, ECA was superior to fast-absorbing gut (p=.03) and had a marginally better outcome than polypropylene (p=.25), and polypropylene had an equivalent outcome to fast-absorbing gut (p=.46). At 3-month follow-up, ECA remained superior to fast-absorbing gut (p=.03).
CONCLUSION: Although sutured epidermal closure and tissue adhesive are highly efficacious for upper eyelid blepharoplasty, physicians and participants felt that cosmesis with ECA was superior to that with fast-absorbing gut.
David J Kouba; Emily Tierney; Bassel H Mahmoud; Denise Woo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1524-4725     ISO Abbreviation:  Dermatol Surg     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504371     Medline TA:  Dermatol Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Inc.
Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, USA.
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