Document Detail


Optimization studies on acid hydrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber for production of xylose.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16647852     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber is a lignocellulosic waste from palm oil mills. It is a potential source of xylose which can be used as a raw material for production of xylitol, a high value product. The increasing interest on use of lignocellulosic waste for bioconversion to fuels and chemicals is justifiable as these materials are low cost, renewable and widespread sources of sugars. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of H(2)SO(4) concentration, reaction temperature and reaction time for production of xylose. Batch reactions were carried out under various reaction temperature, reaction time and acid concentrations and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was followed to optimize the hydrolysis process in order to obtain high xylose yield. The optimum reaction temperature, reaction time and acid concentration found were 119 degrees C, 60 min and 2%, respectively. Under these conditions xylose yield and selectivity were found to be 91.27% and 17.97 g/g, respectively.
Authors:
S H A Rahman; J P Choudhury; A L Ahmad; A H Kamaruddin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-05-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  98     ISSN:  0960-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-19     Completed Date:  2007-03-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  554-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS Penang, Malaysia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Arecaceae / chemistry*
Biomass
Fruit / chemistry*
Hydrolysis
Plant Oils
Refuse Disposal / methods
Xylose / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Plant Oils; 0/Xylose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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