Document Detail


Optimization of electrical stimulation parameters for enhanced cell proliferation on biomaterial surfaces.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21432997     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
From the point of view of biocompatibility of bone analog materials, cell-material interaction is of fundamental importance. In this article, we report the effect of pulse electric field stimulation on cell-material interaction by analyzing cellular functionality and viability. An in-house fabricated pulse electric field setup was used for the application of electric field during cell culture experiments. To optimize voltage/electric field, the first set of exploratory experiments was conducted with varying field strength at fixed frequency, and subsequently, the frequency of the electrical stimulation was varied to study its influence on the proliferation of L929 mouse fibroblast cells on gelatin-coated control disc. Subsequently, L929 cells were cultured on hydroxyapatite (HA) and HA-40 wt % BaTiO(3) composite. Cell-cultured samples were analyzed qualitatively as well as quantitatively using fluorescence microscope and scanning electron microscope. It has been demonstrated that due to the application of electric field during the cell culture experiment, the cell proliferation and the cell spreading on the surface of the biomaterials were enhanced within a narrow window of voltage/frequency of electrical stimulation. At lower field intensities, the energy density is quite low and increases parabolically with field strength. There is no significant increase in the temperature (ΔT ∼ 10(-5) K) of the medium due to the application of short duration pulse electric field. This led us to believe that electric field with appropriate strength and duration can enhance the cell-material interaction. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2011.
Authors:
Ashutosh Kumar Dubey; Shourya Dutta Gupta; Bikramjit Basu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-4981     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234238     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Laboratory for Biomaterials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208016, Uttar Pradesh, India.
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