Document Detail


Optimal myocardial protection strategy for coronary artery bypass grafting without cardioplegia: prospective randomised trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17670550     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although hypothermia and ischaemic preconditioning (IP) are independently recognised mechanisms of cardioprotection, interactions between myocardial temperature and preconditioning have not been investigated. Therefore, this study explored the possibility of inducing IP during hypothermia and quantifying its effects at two temperature regimens commonly used in clinical practice. One hundred and four patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with intermittent cross-clamping and ventricular fibrillation were randomised to four groups: N=normothermia (36.5+/-0.5 degrees C); NP=normothermia+preconditioning, H=hypothermia (31.5+/-0.5 degrees C), HP=hypothermia+preconditioning. The primary outcome measure was release of cardiac Troponin I (cTnI), measured at 6 time points from pre- to 72 h after the end of CPB. There were no hospital deaths and no significant differences in pre- and intra-operative variables (P>or=0.05). There were significant differences in cTnI release between all groups, as follows: N: 117+/-12 microg/l (P<or=0.05 vs. all groups), NP: 87+/-8 microg/l (P<or=0.05 vs. groups N and HP), H: 76+/-6 microg/l (P<or=0.05 vs. groups N and HP), HP: 44+/-6 microg/l (P<or=0.05 vs. all groups). In conclusion, IP can be induced at both normothermia and moderate hypothermia, where it significantly reduces myocardial damage. Further studies are warranted to investigate the effects of the addition of hypothermia to pharmacological myocardial preconditioning.
Authors:
Massimiliano Codispoti; Thiagarajmurthy Sundaramoorthi; Rasheed A Saad; Alan Reid; Colin Sinclair; Pankaj Mankad
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-01-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1569-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-02     Completed Date:  2007-08-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101158399     Medline TA:  Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  217-21     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, UK.
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