Document Detail


Optical transmembrane potential measurements during defibrillation-strength shocks in perfused rabbit hearts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7641329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To study the optical transmembrane potential change (delta F) induced during shocks, optical recordings were obtained in 15 isolated perfused rabbit hearts treated with the potentiometric dye di-4-ANEPPS and diacetyl monoxime. Shock electrodes were sutured on the right and left ventricles. A laser beam 30 microns in diameter was used to optically excite di-4-ANEPPS. Fluorescence from a region 150 microns in diameter was recorded during a shock. In the macroscopic study (six animals), there were nine recording spots that were 3 mm apart between the two shock electrodes. In the microscopic study, there were three recording regions that were 3 mm away from either shock electrode and midway between them, with nine recording spots that were 30 microns (three animals), 100 microns (three animals), and 300 microns (three animals) apart in each region. After 20 S1 stimuli, a 10-ms truncated exponential S2 shock of defibrillation-threshold strength was given during the plateau of the last S1 action potential. In the microscopic study, shocks were also given during diastole, with delta F recordings at the three recording regions. Shocks of both polarities were tested. delta F during the shock was expressed as a percentage of the fluorescence change during the S1 upstroke action potential amplitude (the S1 Fapa), ie, delta F/Fapa%. In the macroscopic study, the magnitudes of delta F/Fapa% from recording spots 1 to 9, numbered from the left to the right ventricular electrodes, were 77 +/- 41%, 46 +/- 32%, 32 +/- 27%, 28 +/- 20%, 37 +/- 25%, 24 +/- 20%, 33 +/- 22%, 37 +/- 25%, and 59 +/- 29%, respectively (P < .05 among the nine spots). Depolarization or hyperpolarization could occur near either shock electrode with both shock polarities, but the magnitude of hyperpolarization was 1.8 +/- 0.9 times that of depolarization at the same recording spot when the shock polarity was reversed (P < .01). In the microscopic study, the change in delta F/Fapa% varied significantly over the microscopic regions examined. The maximum values of delta F/Fapa% for hyperpolarizing shocks during diastole reached only 7 +/- 10% of those for shocks during the plateau (P < .01). During diastole, the time until a new action potential occurred after the beginning of the shock was shorter when the membrane was depolarized (1.1 +/- 0.5 ms) than when it was hyperpolarized (12.8 +/- 9.1 ms, P < .01). Conclusions are as follows: (1) A shock can induce either hyperpolarization or depolarization. (2) Hyperpolarization or depolarization during a shock can occur near either the anodal or cathodal shock electrode. (3) Variation of delta F/Fapa% exists within a microscopic region.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
X Zhou; R E Ideker; T F Blitchington; W M Smith; S B Knisley
Related Documents :
14760929 - Effects of lidocaine on shock-induced vulnerability.
12842639 - Electrocardiographic pattern of brugada syndrome disclosed by a febrile illness: clinic...
19963669 - Rate estimation for the monitoring of rehabilitation exercises.
4012029 - Electrocardiogram of the racing pigeon (columba livia domestica).
6229969 - Description of an eeg pattern evoked in central--parietal areas by the hathayogic exerc...
14516289 - Variations of intrathoracic amount of blood as a reason of ecg voltage changes.
2924519 - A comparison of the visual analogue scale and modified borg scale for the measurement o...
6391919 - Therapeutic effect of exercise on hypertension.
17072049 - Moderate exercise decreases nitric oxide exhalation in patients with stable coronary ar...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation research     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0009-7330     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. Res.     Publication Date:  1995 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-21     Completed Date:  1995-09-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047103     Medline TA:  Circ Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  593-602     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Action Potentials / drug effects
Animals
Diacetyl / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Diastole
Electric Countershock*
Fluorescence
Heart / physiology*
Perfusion
Rabbits
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-33637/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-42760/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-44066/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
431-03-8/Diacetyl; 57-71-6/diacetylmonoxime

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  On the molecular nature of the lidocaine receptor of cardiac Na+ channels. Modification of block by ...
Next Document:  Reperfusion of rat heart after brief ischemia induces proteolysis of calspectin (nonerythroid spectr...