Document Detail


Optical properties of hair--detailed examination of specular reflection patterns in various hair types.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15037919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Details of the specular reflection of curved hair tresses, resulting from illumination with a collimated incident light source, were examined both qualitatively and quantitatively using high-resolution photography and image analysis. The reflections were found to consist of a multitude of light dots aligned with the fibers and typically separated by a distance of 81-145 microm. The contrast between the dots (specular reflection) and the darker regions (diffuse reflection) of the entire reflection band was found to increase with increasing pigmentation of hair. Highly pigmented Oriental hair provided more contrast within the specular reflection band than unpigmented natural white hair. A quantitative description of the light reflection patterns within the specular reflection band included two-dimensional distribution of luminosity, histograms of the frequency of appearance for peak maxima and minima in luminosity distribution plots, and histograms of absolute maxima and minima of luminosity along the length of the fibers. Specular reflection from African hair, which consists of many curls that provide multiple and randomly distributed reflection centers, have also been investigated. Using microscopy software, Image Tool 2.0, and a method termed image threshold, the number of reflection sites and their shapes could be quantified. For example, treatment of African hair with synthetic sebum was shown to significantly affect the reflection patterns, resulting in a decrease in the overall hair luster. Comparison of reflection patterns from Caucasian frizzy, very curly, and curly hair is also discussed.
Authors:
R McMullen; J Jachowicz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cosmetic science     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1525-7886     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cosmet Sci     Publication Date:    2004 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-23     Completed Date:  2004-05-24     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814276     Medline TA:  J Cosmet Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  29-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
International Specialty Products, Wayne, NJ, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Hair / chemistry*
Humans
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Photometry / methods*
Pigmentation
Surface Properties

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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