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Optical coherence tomography evaluation of drug-eluting stents: A systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22488730     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: We performed a systematic review of studies reporting stent strut coverage and malapposition post implantation of different drug-eluting stent (DES), as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: A review of publications and online databases in May 2011 retrieved 33 published studies reporting stent strut coverage and malapposition post-DES implantation using OCT: 24 for sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), 13 for paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES), 10 for zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES), and two for everolimus-eluting stents (EES). The follow-up duration ranged from 3 months to 4 years. Stent strut coverage and malapposition were compared between DES at various time intervals post implantation. RESULTS: Significant differences in stent strut coverage and malapposition exist between various DES. The SES had the highest frequency of uncovered struts at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months (13.1%, 10.9%, 8.1%, and 7.5%, respectively), followed by PES (5.5%, 4.4%, and 5.7% at 6, 9, and 12 months, respectively) and ZES (0.7%, 0%, and 0.5% at 3, 6, and 9 months, respectively) (P < 0.001 for all comparisons between stents). Only two studies reported 3.1% uncovered struts at 9 months with the EES. Stent strut malapposition at 6, 9, and 12 months was highest with SES (3.2%, 2.2%, and 1.2%, respectively) followed by PES (1.6%, 1.3%, and 0.9%, respectively), EES (0.46% at 9 months), and ZES (0.7% and 0.1% at 6 and 9 months, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: SES had the highest rates of uncovered struts and malapposition, followed by PES and ZES. Such differences may explain the different clinical outcomes between various DES. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Aristotelis C Papayannis; Daisha Cipher; Subhash Banerjee; Emmanouil S Brilakis
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-726X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100884139     Medline TA:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
VA North Texas Healthcare System, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.
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