Document Detail


Optical coherence tomography for biofilm detection in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22580619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) is a multifactorial disease that seems to be associated with the presence of microbial biofilms and corresponding subepithelial inflammatory reactions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) might be applied to detect bacterial and fungal biofilms in patients with CRSwNP. A total of 27 patients with CRSwNP undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) were analyzed. The negative control group consisted of six patients undergoing septoplasty for nasal obstruction without CRSwNP. The nasal polyps and inferior turbinate mucosa specimens applied as negative controls were processed to OCT analysis and H.E. and Gram staining. Biofilm was detected in 22 of 27 patients (81.5 %) with CRSwNP and in none of six negative controls. In our series, OCT scan showed an obvious association with the findings of H.E. and Gram staining and was allocated to be a good predictor of biofilm existence. On OCT images, biofilms were displayed as distinct superficial layers with high optical density. It was found that microscopic architecture of biofilms was strongly associated with the integrity of nasal mucosa and to the cellular pattern of subepithelial inflammatory reaction. This study confirmed the presence of microbial biofilms in patients with CRSwNP according to OCT scans and histological analysis. Since biofilms may affect the severity and recurrence rate of CRS treated by ESS they should be detected preoperatively. In conclusion, single application of OCT analysis or combination with conventional histological protocols provides a robust and reliable method for the detection of bacterial and fungal biofilms in CRSwNP. Level of evidence 3b, individual case-control study.
Authors:
László Tóth; Attila Vajas; Péter Csomor; András Berta; István Sziklai; Tamás Karosi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-4726     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9002937     Medline TA:  Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Nagyerdei Krt. 98., 4032, Debrecen, Hungary.
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