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Ophthalmia neonatorum: what kind of prophylaxis?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21534852     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective. Conjunctivitis during neonatal period occurs in 1-12% of all babies. Ophthalmia neonatorum is an acute muco-purulent conjunctivitis occurring in the first month of birth. It is essentially an infection acquired during vaginal delivery. The most frequent infectious agents involved in ophthalmia neonatorum are Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Methods. Topical ocular prophylaxis must be instituted early after birth. Recommended prophylactic regimen are: 1% nitrate solution; 1% tetracycline solution; 1% erythromycin solution; 2.5% povidone-iodine solution; and fusidic acid. Results. Evidence suggests better outcomes using 1% tetracycline solutions even if there is the risk of selecting drug resistant bacteria. However, even the widespread used nitrate solution can cause a chemical conjunctivitis, arguing against its widespread use. Conclusions. Fusidic acid is a relatively new promising therapy even if there are still few data about its use. None of the used regimens has the optimal risk-benefit profile to suggest a widespread use.
Authors:
Antonio Alberto Zuppa; Vito D'Andrea; Piero Catenazzi; Antonio Scorrano; Costantino Romagnoli
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  769-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Division of Neonatology, Rome, Italy.
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