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Operative Management of Penetrating Carotid Artery Injuries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21388840     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To analyse management and outcomes of carotid artery (CA) injuries. DESIGN: Retrospective study of the patients in the combat operations in Chechnya (1999-2002) and in peacetime (2003-2009). MATERIALS: A total of 46 patients with missile (27) and stab (19) wounds, who had common and internal CA injury, underwent an open surgery. Temporary shunts (TSs) were placed in eight patients with more severe injuries. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients' data. RESULTS: CA ligation and CA repair were performed in 9 and 37 patients, respectively. Of the nine patients with CA ligation, five developed neurologic deficit; the remaining four patients died (100% of poor outcomes). Of the 37 patients with blood flow restoration, nine patients died and neurologic deficit persisted in two patients (30% of poor outcomes) (p < 0.05). Among patients with TS, three patients died and two had stable neurologic deficit (63% of poor results). Of the patients without TS, 10 patients died and five had neurologic disorders (56% of poor outcomes) (p = 0.53). CONCLUSIONS: CA repair is the method of choice in CA injury. TS use does not result in a decreased mortality rate or neurologic deficit reduction in patients with severe injuries.
V A Reva; A A Pronchenko; I M Samokhvalov
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of War Surgery, The Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov, Lebedeva str. 6, 194044 Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
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