Document Detail


Operant conditioning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12415075     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Operant behavior is behavior "controlled" by its consequences. In practice, operant conditioning is the study of reversible behavior maintained by reinforcement schedules. We review empirical studies and theoretical approaches to two large classes of operant behavior: interval timing and choice. We discuss cognitive versus behavioral approaches to timing, the "gap" experiment and its implications, proportional timing and Weber's law, temporal dynamics and linear waiting, and the problem of simple chain-interval schedules. We review the long history of research on operant choice: the matching law, its extensions and problems, concurrent chain schedules, and self-control. We point out how linear waiting may be involved in timing, choice, and reinforcement schedules generally. There are prospects for a unified approach to all these areas.
Authors:
J E R Staddon; D T Cerutti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review     Date:  2002-06-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of psychology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0066-4308     ISO Abbreviation:  Annu Rev Psychol     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-24     Completed Date:  2004-02-20     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372374     Medline TA:  Annu Rev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708-0086, USA. staddon@psych.duke.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention
Choice Behavior*
Conditioning, Operant*
Humans
Mental Recall
Motivation*
Problem Solving
Reinforcement Schedule
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 MH064442-02/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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