Document Detail


Operant behavior in dwarf hamsters (Phodopus campbelli): Effects of rate of reinforcement and reinforcer flavor variety.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20188801     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated operant behavior in a novel species, the dwarf hamster (Phodopus campbelli). In two experiments, hamsters were trained to lever-press for food reinforcement. In Experiment 1, rate of reinforcement was manipulated across conditions using four variable-interval schedules of reinforcement (delivering one to eight reinforcers per min). As predicted, within-session decreases in responding were steepest on the richest schedule. In Experiment 2, lever-pressing was reinforced by either a constant or a variety of flavored food pellets. Within-session decreases in responding were steeper when the reinforcer flavor remained constant than when it was varied within the session. In both experiments, subjects hoarded most reinforcers in their cheek pouches rather than consuming them in the operant chambers. These results are incompatible with post-ingestive satiety variables as explanations for within-session decreases in operant responding and suggest that habituation to repeatedly presented reinforcers best accounts for subjects' response patterns. Additionally, a mathematical model that describes behavior undergoing habituation also described the present results, thus strengthening the conclusion that habituation mediates the reinforcing efficacy of food.
Authors:
Gwen Lupfer-Johnson; Eric S Murphy; Linda C Blackwell; Jennifer L LaCasse; Sarah Drummond
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-02-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural processes     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1872-8308     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Processes     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-17     Completed Date:  2010-08-13     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703854     Medline TA:  Behav Processes     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  573-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Conditioning, Operant*
Cricetinae
Feeding Behavior
Female
Male
Models, Psychological
Phodopus / psychology*
Reinforcement Schedule*
Reward*
Taste
Taste Perception
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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