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Opening of Chloride Channels by 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) Contributes to Photoprotection against UVR-Induced Thymine Dimers in Keratinocytes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23014341     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
UVR produces vitamin D in skin, which is hydroxylated locally to 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)). 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) protects skin cells against UVR-induced DNA damage, including thymine dimers, but the mechanism is unknown. As DNA repair is inhibited by nitric oxide (NO) products but facilitated by p53, we examined whether 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) altered the expression of nitrotyrosine, a product of NO, or p53 after UVR in human keratinocytes. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) and the nongenomic agonist 1α,25-dihydroxylumisterol(3) reduced nitrotyrosine 16 hours after UVR, detected by a sensitive whole-cell ELISA. p53 was enhanced after UVR, and this was further augmented in the presence of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid), a chloride channel blocker previously shown to prevent 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced chloride currents in osteoblasts, had no effect on thymine dimers on its own but prevented the 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced protection against thymine dimers. Independent treatment with DIDS, at concentrations that had no effect on thymine dimers, blocked UVR-induced upregulation of p53. In contrast, reduction of nitrotyrosine remained in keratinocytes treated with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) and DIDS at concentrations shown to block decreases in post-UVR thymine dimers. These results suggest that 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced chloride currents help protect from UVR-induced thymine dimers, but further increases in p53 or reductions of nitrotyrosine by 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) are unlikely to contribute substantially to this protection.Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 27 September 2012; doi:10.1038/jid.2012.343.
Vanessa B Sequeira; Mark S Rybchyn; Clare Gordon-Thomson; Wannit Tongkao-On; Mathew T Mizwicki; Anthony W Norman; Vivienne E Reeve; Gary M Halliday; Rebecca S Mason
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of investigative dermatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1523-1747     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Invest. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0426720     Medline TA:  J Invest Dermatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Physiology, Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
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