Document Detail

Oocyte donation: a risk factor for pregnancy-induced hypertension: a meta-analysis and case series.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21285999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: In 2008 and 2009, the authors saw in their institution three women who had undergone oocyte donation and went on to develop severe de novo hypertension before the 26(th) week of gestation, with values above 180/110 mm Hg. Pregnancy was prematurely terminated in these cases because of the acute threat to the mother's life, and none of the three neonates survived. Five further cases with better outcomes were found to have occurred from 2006 to 2010. On the basis of this experience, the authors performed a meta-analysis to determine whether oocyte donation elevates the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). The cases are discussed in detail.
METHODS: Systematic review of the literature on PIH after oocyte donation, with meta-analysis and calculation of an odds ratio. We also provide a retrospective chart review of our own case series.
RESULTS: 28 publications were evaluated. The overall rate of PIH in a total of 2308 deliveries after oocyte donation was 22.6%. With the aid of data from 11 studies, the course of pregnancy in a total of 644 oocyte recipients was compared to that in a control group of 2320 women who were not oocyte recipients. The calculated odds ratio for PIH after oocyte donation, compared to conventional reproductive therapy, was 2.57 (95% CI, 1.91-3.47), while the calculated odds ratio for PIH after oocyte donation, compared to other women in the control group, was 6.60 (95% CI, 4.55-9.57).
CONCLUSION: The data reveal that oocyte donation confers a considerable risk that the recipient will develop PIH. The very early and severe cases of preeclampsia that we report here are rather atypical; similar cases may have occurred elsewhere without finding their way into the relevant literature. The authors recommend close surveillance of pregnancies following allogenic oocyte transplantation by physicians with special expertise in prenatal medicine.
Ulrich Pecks; Nicolai Maass; Joseph Neulen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Meta-Analysis     Date:  2011-01-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Deutsches Ärzteblatt international     Volume:  108     ISSN:  1866-0452     ISO Abbreviation:  Dtsch Arztebl Int     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-02     Completed Date:  2011-06-03     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101475967     Medline TA:  Dtsch Arztebl Int     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  23-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Frauenklinik für Gynäkologie und Geburtsmedizin, Universitätsklinikum der RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsst. 30, 52057 Aachen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Oocyte Donation / statistics & numerical data*
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors

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