Document Detail


Ontogeny of arousal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15509918     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ontogeny of arousal data constitute a vital supplement to the sparse literature on spontaneous neuronal activity. These data demonstrate that measurable infant spontaneous arousals (SAs) with an inherent oscillatory entrainment occur six times more in active sleep than in quiet sleep of the same duration and are identifiable as a human neurobiologic function. These SAs are not significantly associated with race or ethnicity, gender, total hours spent sleeping, percent time spent in active or quiet sleep, preterm status, history of a life-threatening event, having had a sibling who died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), or having had a mother who smoked during this pregnancy. As measurable neurophysiologic events, SAs establish parameters for research at molecular and molar levels focusing on several critical areas: (1) the neuronal control of SA related to neurotransmitters, (2) as a significant antecedent factor in clinical cardiorespiratory events occurring in infants at high epidemiologic risk for SIDS; (3) as a regulatory biologic factor underlying temperament and executive cognitive functioning, and (4) morbidity and mortality effects possibly related to therapeutic interventions that alter SA levels.
Authors:
David H Crowell; Lee J Brooks; Michael Corwin; Sally Davidson-Ward; Carl E Hunt; Linda E Kapuniai; Michael R Neuman; Jean Silvestri; Larry Tinsley; Debra E Weese-Mayer; Juliann Di Fiore; Mark Peucker; John S Grove; James W Pearce;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0736-0258     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Neurophysiol     Publication Date:    2004 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-28     Completed Date:  2004-12-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506708     Medline TA:  J Clin Neurophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  290-300     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children, Honolulu, Hawaii 96826, USA. crowell@hawaii.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aging / physiology
Arousal*
Electroencephalography
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn / physiology*
Infant, Premature
Male
Models, Biological
Polysomnography
Sleep Stages*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD20973/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD28971/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD29056/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD29060/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD29067/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD29071/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD34625/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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