Document Detail


Online headspace chromatographic method for measuring VFA in biogas reactor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16180466     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A headspace chromatographic method has been applied to measure volatile fatty acids in anaerobic digesters using gas phase extraction at pH less than 2 and temperature higher than 65 degrees C. The concentration of volatile fatty acids in liquid and gas phase can be correlated in the form of Henry's coefficient. Analysis of different factors in the batch indicated that pH, temperature, and salt addition had a strong impact on apparent solubility, while liquid/gas volume ratio and organic acid concentration had little impact. Larger liquid volume had a positive impact on extraction efficiency, while increased gas headspace had a negative impact, indicating that the system was total mass-limited. The best conditions were at pH < 2.0, and temperatures above 75 degrees C. The advantage of an automated gas-extraction system for organic acid analysis, compared to an automated liquid system is that it contains no filter element, which is 4 susceptible to fouling in manure samples or samples with high solid content. An automated system which included a valerate pulse to the parent reactor was implemented, and operated for a short period.
Authors:
K Boe; D J Batstone; I Angelidaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0273-1223     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-26     Completed Date:  2005-11-08     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9879497     Medline TA:  Water Sci Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  473-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Environment & Resources DTU, Technical University of Denmark, Build. 113, DK-2800, Lyngby, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bacteria, Anaerobic / metabolism
Bioreactors*
Cattle
Chromatography, Gas / methods*
Fatty Acids, Volatile / metabolism*
Hot Temperature
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Manure
Online Systems*
Salts
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Volatile; 0/Manure; 0/Salts

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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