Document Detail

One-year follow-up of the effect of fixed orthodontic treatment on colonization by oral Candida.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18154574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to assess quantitative and qualitative alterations in the carrier rate of Candida spp. in south-eastern Turkey among adolescents, and to investigate the effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on the Candida count in a 1-year follow-up study. In the first phase of the study, the oral Candida carriage rate of 72 patients was evaluated. Samples were collected from the dorsal surface of the tongue, the mid-palate and saliva. In the second phase of the study, 42 patients who were determined to be carriers of oral Candida were treated with fixed orthodontic appliances, and from these patients a second set of samples were collected from the saliva and the orthodontic brace surfaces of eight teeth adjacent to the enamel surfaces. The saliva samples were collected before and during orthodontic treatment at 1st, 6th and 12th month, and samples from the braces were collected during the 1st, 6th and 12th month of treatment. Forty-two of the 72 patients (58.5%) were oral Candida carriers. The distribution of Candida spp. in these patients was as follows: (i) Candida albicans was identified in 31 patients (73.8%), (ii) C. tropicalis, C. krusei and C. kefyr were found in three patients each (7.14%) and (iii) C. parapsilosis occurred in two patients (4.76%). During orthodontic treatment, the micro-organism count increased both in the saliva and on tooth surfaces. The results indicate that the prevalence of oral Candida spp. is high in young adults in south-eastern Turkey and that the Candida counts increase when braces are involved.
Seher Gündüz Arslan; Nezahat Akpolat; Jalan Devecioğlu Kama; Törün Ozer; Orhan Hamamci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1600-0714     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Oral Pathol. Med.     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-24     Completed Date:  2008-04-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8911934     Medline TA:  J Oral Pathol Med     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Orthodontics, Dental Faculty, Dicle University Diyarbakier, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Candida / isolation & purification*
Candidiasis, Oral / microbiology
Carrier State
Colony Count, Microbial
Follow-Up Studies
Mouth / microbiology*
Orthodontic Appliances / microbiology*
Saliva / microbiology*
Statistics, Nonparametric

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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