Document Detail

Omentopexy improves vascularization and decreases stricture formation of esophageal anastomoses in a dog model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15065024     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic strictures are common after primary esophageal anastomosis in pediatric patients. Recent studies provided evidence that omentopexy may improve vascularization of gastroesophageal anastomoses and decrease the rate of stricture-related complications. The effect of omentopexy on primary esophago-esophageal anastomosis, however, is unknown. The aim of the current study was to examine the role of omentopexy on the healing process of primary midesopageal anastomoses. METHODS: Six dogs were operated on. A 5-cm portion of the midesophagus was resected, and continuity was restored by end-to-end anastomosis. In 3 dogs, an omental pedicle was placed around the anastomotic region. Eating patterns were recorded and functional swallowing was evaluated by fluoroscopic studies. Eight weeks after the operations, the experimental animals were killed and anastomotic lumen diameters and vascularization of the anastomotic sites were evaluated by radiographic studies and histologic examination, respectively. RESULTS: Two dogs in the omentopexy group were able to resume regular feeding, whereas none of the dogs in the control group were able to tolerate solid food intake. Fluoroscopic studies found preserved motility patterns of the esophagus in the omentoesophagopexy group, while prestenotic dilatation and delayed food clearance through the anastomosis were observed in the control group. Histologically, neovascularization was observed at the anastomotic site in the omentoesophagopexy group in contrast to the marked degree of fibrosis displayed in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Omentopexy may improve vascularization and decrease stricture formation after primary esophagoesophageal anastomosis.
Lili Hayari; Dan D Hershko; Hadas Shoshani; Ron Maor; Daniel Mordecovich; Gideon Shoshani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1531-5037     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-05     Completed Date:  2004-08-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  540-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Rambam Medical Center and the Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Anastomosis, Surgical / adverse effects*
Esophageal Stenosis / etiology,  prevention & control*
Models, Animal
Neovascularization, Physiologic*
Omentum / surgery*
Postoperative Complications
Wound Healing

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