Document Detail


Omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids: partners in prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20145438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review addresses the cardiovascular benefits of the two families of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs): omega-6 and omega-3. The former (and the shorter chain species of the latter) are found in vegetable oils and nuts, whereas the longer chain omega-3 FAs are found in fish oils. Although most clinicians understand that the omega-3 FAs are beneficial, there have been calls in the popular press to reduce the intake of the omega-6 FAs because of presumed proinflammatory and prothrombotic effects. RECENT FINDINGS: The American Heart Association's Nutrition Committee has published two 'Science Advisories', one in 2002 on omega-3 FAs and a new one on omega-6 FAs. Both considered a wide variety of data regarding their effects on cardiac risk. SUMMARY: The AHA concludes that Americans need to increase their intake of long-chain omega-3 FAs and that they should maintain (and possibly even increase) their intakes of omega-6 FAs. For the omega-3 FAs, a healthy target intake is about 500 mg per day (whether from oily fish or fish oil capsules) and for linoleic acid, approximately 15 g per day (12 g for women and 17 g for men). Achieving healthy intakes of both omega-6 and omega-3 FAs is an important component of the nutritional prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease.
Authors:
William Harris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1535-3885     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-10     Completed Date:  2010-06-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804399     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota and Sanford Research/USD, Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57105, USA. harrisw@sanfordhealth.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiovascular Diseases / drug therapy,  prevention & control*
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / administration & dosage*
Fatty Acids, Omega-6 / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Female
Humans
Linoleic Acid / administration & dosage
Male
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acids, Omega-3; 0/Fatty Acids, Omega-6; 2197-37-7/Linoleic Acid
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2010 Mar;13(2):123-4   [PMID:  20125001 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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