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Omega-3 fatty acids suppress Th2-associated cytokine gene expressions and GATA transcription factors in mast cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22902330     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Because the interaction between omega-3 fatty acids and mast cells has remained largely unknown in allergies, we investigated whether omega-3 fatty acids affect the activation of mast cells by examining Th2-associated cytokine production and possible molecular mechanisms. Alpha-linolenic acid and its metabolites including eicosapentaenoic acid and decosahexaenoic acid induced a dramatic decrease in the production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5 and IL-13 in a dose-dependent manner, as well as mRNA expression of their genes, in activated MC/9 mast cells and bone marrow-derived mast cells. The effects were comparable to those of cyclosporin A (1 μM), a well-known immunosuppressive agent. Nuclear expression of GATA binding protein-1 (GATA-1) and GATA binding protein-2 (GATA-2), essential transcription factors for mast cell activation, was also greatly suppressed. However, their mRNA expressions were not affected. In P815 mast cells, which do not express GATA-1, the suppressive effects on cytokines were abolished. On the contrary, omega-3 fatty acids had less significant effects on IL-4 and IL-5 and resulted in a slight decrease in IL-13 production in EL-4 T cells. Finally, oral administration of fish oil containing high level of omega-3 fatty acids significantly reduced the severity of dermatitis and the thickening of epidermis/dermis in a NC/Nga murine atopic model. The number of cells expressing CD117(+) and FcεRIα(+) was greatly decreased and GATA-1 expression in the cells was also diminished. Taken together, omega-3 fatty acids might target mast cells to a greater extent than T cells to suppress Th2 cytokine expression by inhibiting GATAs for alleviation of allergic disease.
Authors:
Bo-Kyung Park; Sunyoung Park; Jun-Beom Park; Min Chul Park; Tae Sun Min; Mirim Jin
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutritional biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4847     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010081     Medline TA:  J Nutr Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Lab of Pathology, College of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon University, Daejeon, 300-716, Korea.
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