Document Detail


Olive oil consumption and weight change: the SUN prospective cohort study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16711599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this dynamic prospective follow-up study was to assess the association between olive oil consumption and the likelihood of weight gain or the incidence of overweight or obesity in a large Mediterranean cohort of 7,368 male and female Spanish university graduates (the SUN Project) who were followed for a median period of 28.5 mon. A validated Food Frequency Questionnaire was administered at baseline, and respondents also completed a follow-up questionnaire after 28.5 mon. Changes in participants' consumption of olive oil and their weight were assessed during follow-up. A higher baseline consumption of olive oil was associated with a lower likelihood of weight gain, although the differences were not statistically significant. The adjusted difference in weight gain (kg) was -0.16 [95% confidence interval (CI): -0.42 to +0.11] for participants in the upper quintile of olive oil consumption (median: 46 g/d) compared with those in the lowest quintile (median: 6 g/d). For participants with a high baseline consumption of olive oil whose olive oil consumption also increased during follow-up, we found a slightly increased but nonsignificant risk of incidence of overweight or obesity (adjusted odds ratio = 1.19, 95% CI: 0.73 to 1.95). Our study, carried out in a sample of free-living people, shows that a high amount of olive oil consumption is not associated with higher weight gain or a significantly higher risk of developing overweight or obesity in the context of the Mediterranean food pattern.
Authors:
M Bes-Rastrollo; A Sánchez-Villegas; C de la Fuente; J de Irala; J A Martinez; M A Martínez-González
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lipids     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0024-4201     ISO Abbreviation:  Lipids     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-22     Completed Date:  2006-06-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060450     Medline TA:  Lipids     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, E-31008 Pamplona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Diet Surveys
Diet, Mediterranean
Dietary Fats*
Eating
Energy Intake
Fatty Acids / metabolism
Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated / metabolism
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / metabolism
Female
Humans
Male
Obesity / etiology*
Plant Oils*
Prospective Studies
Weight Gain
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 0/Plant Oils; 8001-25-0/olive oil

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