Document Detail


Oligosaccharides in several Philippine indigenous food legumes: determination, localization and removal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2345736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The oligosaccharide profile of raw mature seeds of seven different legumes indigenous to the Philippines was measured in 70% ethanol extracts of the seeds by thin layer chromatography using HPTLC plates and quantified by a densitometer. Based on the results, the legumes could be ranked according to decreasing oligosaccharide content or flatulence potential as follows: Sam-samping (Clitoria ternatea) greater than hyacinth bean (Dolichos lablab) greater than sabawel (Mucuna pruriens) greater than lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) greater than swordbean (Canavalia gladiata) greater than rice bean (Vigna umbellata) greater than jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis). Sam-samping had 4.79% total oligosaccharides and hyacinth bean or batao, 3.66%. A jack bean accession had 1.79% oligosaccharides. Simple processing methods were tested to detoxify the oligosaccharides. Soaking the batao seeds had no effect while boiling even resulted in a net 23-31% increase in the levels of raffinose, stachyose and verbascose. On the other hand, two min of dry roasting resulted in complete removal of oligosaccharides whereas germination resulted in about 30-40% decrease after 1 and 2 days, respectively.
Authors:
M J Revilleza; E M Mendoza; L C Raymundo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands)     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0921-9668     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Foods Hum Nutr     Publication Date:  1990 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-06-29     Completed Date:  1990-06-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803554     Medline TA:  Plant Foods Hum Nutr     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines, Los Baños.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Chromatography, Thin Layer
Fabaceae / analysis*
Food Analysis*
Oligosaccharides / analysis*
Philippines
Plants, Medicinal*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oligosaccharides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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