Document Detail


Olfactory and behavioural responses of the blood-sucking bug Triatoma infestans to odours of vertebrate hosts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11171309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Olfactory receptors in basiconic and grooved-peg sensilla on the antenna of fifth-instar Triatoma infestans nymphs respond to host odours. Gas chromatography analyses of host odour extracts coupled to electrophysiological recordings from basiconic sensillum receptors indicate that nonanal is a constituent of sheep wool and chicken feather odour that stimulates one of the receptors in this type of sensillum. Similar analyses revealed isobutyric acid in rabbit odour to be a chemostimulant for one of the receptors in grooved-peg sensilla. The response of the aldehyde receptor was higher to heptanal, octanal and nonanal than to other aliphatic aldehydes, and the response of the acid receptor was higher to isobutyric acid than to other short-chain branched and unbranched acids. The behavioural responses of fifth-instar T. infestans nymphs to nonanal and isobutyric acid in an air-stream on a servosphere indicate that, whereas nonanal causes activation of the bugs, isobutyric acid induces an increase in upwind displacement, i.e. odour-conditioned anemotaxis. Binary mixtures of these compounds did not improve the attraction obtained with isobutyric acid alone. A comparison of the behavioural and electrophysiological responses of the bugs to different amounts of isobutyric acid in air suggests that attraction is obtained at concentrations that causes low-to-moderate increases in the firing rate of the acid-excited receptor in the grooved-peg sensilla, whereas at a dose that evokes relatively high firing rates (>40 Hz) no attraction is obtained.
Authors:
P G Guerenstein; P M Guerin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  204     ISSN:  0022-0949     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2001 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-06-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  585-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Zoology, University of Neuchâtel, Rue Emile Argand 11, CH-2007, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Electrophysiology
Smell / physiology*
Triatoma / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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