Document Detail

Older adults benefit from music training early in life: biological evidence for long-term training-driven plasticity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24198359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Aging results in pervasive declines in nervous system function. In the auditory system, these declines include neural timing delays in response to fast-changing speech elements; this causes older adults to experience difficulty understanding speech, especially in challenging listening environments. These age-related declines are not inevitable, however: older adults with a lifetime of music training do not exhibit neural timing delays. Yet many people play an instrument for a few years without making a lifelong commitment. Here, we examined neural timing in a group of human older adults who had nominal amounts of music training early in life, but who had not played an instrument for decades. We found that a moderate amount (4-14 years) of music training early in life is associated with faster neural timing in response to speech later in life, long after training stopped (>40 years). We suggest that early music training sets the stage for subsequent interactions with sound. These experiences may interact over time to sustain sharpened neural processing in central auditory nuclei well into older age.
Travis White-Schwoch; Kali Woodruff Carr; Samira Anderson; Dana L Strait; Nina Kraus
Related Documents :
24159089 - The economic cost of myopia in adults aged over 40 years in singapore.
24205289 - Sleep apnea and the risk of dementia: a population-based 5-year follow-up study in taiwan.
24073619 - Biology of the introduced biocontrol agent microctonus hyperodae (hymenoptera: braconid...
24003569 - Prehypertension--a hidden risk of indian subcontinent.
24118799 - Epidemiology of biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis in south australia.
24727429 - Isolation and identification of age-related dna methylation markers for forensic age-pr...
23035139 - Predictors of birth weight and gestational age among adolescents.
18625939 - Rapid, noninvasive detection of diabetes-induced retinal metabolic stress.
21566999 - Factors associated with p53 nuclear accumulation in prostatic adenocarcinoma.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1529-2401     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-07     Completed Date:  2013-12-30     Revised Date:  2014-10-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8102140     Medline TA:  J Neurosci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17667-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation
Aging / physiology*
Brain / physiology*
Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology*
Middle Aged
Neuronal Plasticity / physiology*
Speech Perception / physiology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  A Local Source of FGF Initiates Development of the Unmyelinated Lineage of Sensory Neurons.
Next Document:  The GLRA1 missense mutation W170S associates lack of Zn2+ potentiation with human hyperekplexia.