Document Detail


Older Adults' Trait Impressions of Faces Are Sensitive to Subtle Resemblance to Emotions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24058225     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Younger adults (YA) attribute emotion-related traits to people whose neutral facial structure resembles an emotion (emotion overgeneralization). The fact that older adults (OA) show deficits in accurately labeling basic emotions suggests that they may be relatively insensitive to variations in the emotion resemblance of neutral expression faces that underlie emotion overgeneralization effects. On the other hand, the fact that OA, like YA, show a 'pop-out' effect for anger, more quickly locating an angry than a happy face in a neutral array, suggests that both age groups may be equally sensitive to emotion resemblance. We used computer modeling to assess the degree to which neutral faces objectively resembled emotions and assessed whether that resemblance predicted trait impressions. We found that both OA and YA showed anger and surprise overgeneralization in ratings of danger and naiveté, respectively, with no significant differences in the strength of the effects for the two age groups. These findings suggest that well-documented OA deficits on emotion recognition tasks may be more due to processing demands than to an insensitivity to the social affordances of emotion expressions.
Authors:
Robert G Franklin; Leslie A Zebrowitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nonverbal behavior     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0191-5886     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nonverbal Behav     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003418     Medline TA:  J Nonverbal Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  139-151     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Brandeis University, MS062, Waltham, MA 02454-9110, USA.
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