Document Detail

Offloading effect of therapeutic footwear in patients with diabetic neuropathy at high risk for plantar foot ulceration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22913552     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aims:  Custom-made therapeutic footwear is often prescribed to patients with diabetic neuropathy, foot deformity and a healed plantar foot ulcer. Offloading these feet is important to prevent ulcer recurrence. The aim was to evaluate the offloading effect of custom-made footwear in these patients. Methods:  In 171 patients with diabetic neuropathy (336 feet) with foot deformity and a recently healed plantar foot ulcer, plantar pressures walking barefoot and inside new custom-made footwear were measured. At the previous ulcer location and at locations of highest barefoot pressure attributable to the deformity, in-shoe pressures were compared with non-deformed feet. The footwear was considered effective in offloading when in-shoe peak pressure at these locations was < 200 kPa. Results:  Mean in-shoe peak pressures ranged between 211 and 308 kPa in feet with forefoot deformity (vs. 191-222 kPa in non-deformed feet) and between 140 and 187 kPa in feet with midfoot deformity (vs. 112 kPa in non-deformed feet). Offloading was effective in 61% of all feet with deformity, 81% of feet with midfoot deformity, 44% of feet with forefoot deformity and 62% of previous ulcer locations. Inter-subject variability in measured in-shoe plantar pressure was large. Conclusions:  Offloading of custom-made footwear is often not sufficiently achieved in high-risk diabetic feet with deformity. Highest offloading success rates were seen at known high-risk locations such as previous ulcer locations and Charcot feet, the lowest success rates in forefoot deformities. Together with the large inter-subject variability in pressure outcomes, this emphasizes the need for evidence-based prescription and evaluation procedures to assure adequate offloading. (Clinical Trials Registry No; NTR 1091) © 2012 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2012 Diabetes UK.
M L J Arts; R Waaijman; M de Haart; R Keukenkamp; F Nollet; S A Bus
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-5491     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabet. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500858     Medline TA:  Diabet Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2012 Diabetes UK.
Department of Rehabilitation, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
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