Document Detail


Off-pump coronary artery revascularization in octogenarians: is it better?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19684513     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Octogenarians are the fastest growing stratum of the population and have the highest prevalence of coronary artery disease. In the past, physicians have been reluctant to provide these patients with optimal care. Seniors are frequently excluded from large randomized trials and generally not included in published guidelines. The purpose of this review is to revisit the demography and epidemiology of coronary artery disease in this population as well as therapeutic strategies used. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent publications have shown significant advancement in medical and invasive treatment of coronary artery disease in elderly, with special focus on the potential benefit of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. SUMMARY: Although OPCAB surgery has gained popularity over the past 15 years, its benefit regarding operative mortality and major complications has not been clearly defined in the general population. There is a body of literature supporting its benefit in the elderly population. OPCAB surgery has the potential of decreasing operative mortality and major postoperative complications such as stroke, delirium, atrial fibrillation, and decline in neurocognitive functions in these patients. Off-pump surgery is technically more demanding and has been blamed for providing less complete revascularization and lower graft patency rate, especially in less experienced hands. However, with the upcoming demographic explosion of senior citizens in western societies, OPCAB surgery has definitely to be a part of the armamentarium of modern cardiac surgeons.
Authors:
Raymond Cartier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in cardiology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1531-7080     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Opin. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-14     Completed Date:  2010-03-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608087     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  544-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Montreal Heart Institute and Universit? de Montr?al, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. rc2910@aol.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged, 80 and over
Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump*
Coronary Artery Disease / epidemiology*,  surgery*
Humans
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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