Document Detail


Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery in selected patients is superior to the conventional approach for patients with severely depressed left ventricular function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22189729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction have high mortality when kept in clinical treatment. Coronary artery bypass grafting can improve survival and the quality of life. Recently, revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass has been presented as a viable alternative. The aim of this study is to compare patients with left ventricular ejection fractions of less than 20% who underwent coronary artery bypass graft with or without cardiopulmonary bypass.
METHODS: From January 2001 to December 2005, 217 nonrandomized, consecutive, and nonselected patients with an ejection fraction less than or equal to 20% underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery with (112) or without (off-pump) (105) the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. We studied demographic, operative, and postoperative data.
RESULTS: There were no demographic differences between groups. The outcome variables showed similar graft numbers in both groups. Mortality was 12.5% in the cardiopulmonary bypass group and 3.8% in the off-pump group. Postoperative complications were statistically different (cardiopulmonary bypass versus off-pump): total length of hospital stay (days)-11.3 vs. 7.2, length of ICU stay (days)-3.7 vs. 2.1, pulmonary complications-10.7% vs. 2.8%, intubation time (hours)-22 vs. 10, postoperative bleeding (mL)-654 vs. 440, acute renal failure-8.9% vs. 1.9% and left-ventricle ejection fraction before discharge-22% vs. 29%.
CONCLUSION: Coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass in selected patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction is valid and safe and promotes less mortality and morbidity compared with conventional operations.
Authors:
Guido Marco Caputti; José Honório Palma; Diego Felipe Gaia; Enio Buffolo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil)     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1980-5322     ISO Abbreviation:  Clinics (Sao Paulo)     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-22     Completed Date:  2012-04-19     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101244734     Medline TA:  Clinics (Sao Paulo)     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2049-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Cardiovascular Surgery, São Paulo/SP, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump / adverse effects,  methods*
Female
Humans
Male
Severity of Illness Index
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology,  surgery*
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