Document Detail


Oestradiol synthesis from oestrone in malignant breast epithelial cells: studies on a high affinity, 80 kDa form of oestradiol dehydrogenase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1525049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous studies have shown that in the breast there are multiple forms of the enzyme oestradiol dehydrogenase (E2DH), responsible for the interconversion of oestrone (E1) to oestradiol (E2). We have now re-examined oestrogen metabolism in the breast cancer cell lines (T47D and MCF-7) and have shown that steroids previously shown to inhibit the conversion of E1 to E2 in normal breast tissue failed to do so when added to growing monolayers of these malignant cells. In contrast to earlier estimates in normal breast tissues, the apparent Km for this conversion in monolayers of these malignant cells is shown here to be considerably lower, at around 50 nM. Cell free studies on these cell lines have revealed the presence of a high affinity (for E1) form of this enzyme of Mw approximately 80 kDa. The ability to detect this enzyme in soluble cell fractions appears to be critically dependent on buffer composition. Normal breast epithelial cells and adipose tissue appear to be devoid of this form of E2DH. As this form of E2DH has the highest affinity for the substrate E1 of all the forms in the breast, it is probable that this 80 kDa enzyme is responsible for the conversion of E1 to E2 in cell monolayers. If the observation holds that the 80 kDa enzyme is absent in the normal tissues, then the possibility arises that this E2DH may be linked with the neoplastic process in some breast tumours containing malignant epithelial cells of a similar type as studied here.
Authors:
C J Newton; A Butta; J Nicholls; M Dowsett
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0960-0760     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  1992 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-10-22     Completed Date:  1992-10-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015483     Medline TA:  J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  891-900     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Academic Biochemistry, Royal Marsden Hospital, London, England.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / enzymology
Breast / enzymology
Breast Neoplasms / metabolism*
Cell-Free System
Epithelium / enzymology
Estradiol / biosynthesis*
Estradiol Dehydrogenases / isolation & purification,  metabolism*
Estrone / metabolism*
Female
Humans
Kinetics
Molecular Weight
Tumor Cells, Cultured
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-28-2/Estradiol; 53-16-7/Estrone; EC 1.1.1.62/Estradiol Dehydrogenases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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