Document Detail

Oesophageal carcinoma--a report of two cases and review of literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20836328     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal carcinoma is a malignant epithelial tumour of the oesophagus that arises from the mucosa. It mostly comprises of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus and oesophagogastric junction. It is a relatively uncommon finding. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case report is to demonstrate two cases of oesophageal carcinoma seen at the gastroenterology unit of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin. CASE REPORT: Two cases of oesophageal carcinoma were seen in the last three years. Two Nigerian males of ages 60 and 69 years respectively presented at our centre with a history of progressive dysphagia initially for solids but later involved liquids, and odynophagia. There was associated history of recurrent regurgitation and weight loss. However there was no heartburn, epigastric pain, abdominal swelling, haematemesis or malena. There was significant history of cigarette smoking and intake of alcohol. Barium swallow done, showed shouldering and distal rat tail appearance of the oesophagus. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a mass in the oesophagus with evidence of malignant tumour, occluding the lumen of the oesophagus making it impossible to intubate the stomach. Histological examination of the biopsy specimen taken at endoscopy showed adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus. CONCLUSION: Oesophageal carcinomas are rare findings in Ilorin, Nigeria.
A B Olokoba; O A Obateru
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0189-2657     ISO Abbreviation:  Nig Q J Hosp Med     Publication Date:    2009 Sep-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-14     Completed Date:  2010-10-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9713944     Medline TA:  Nig Q J Hosp Med     Country:  Nigeria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Adenocarcinoma / complications,  diagnosis,  pathology*
Deglutition Disorders / etiology,  pathology
Esophageal Neoplasms / complications,  diagnosis,  pathology*
Middle Aged
Weight Loss

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