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Odontometric evaluation of mandibular premolars with tooth shape deviation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22397387     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the mean dimensions and morphologic characteristics of mandibular premolars that had mesiodistally elongated and faciolingually squeezed tooth shape deviations (MnP-TSD) and determine the population prevalence of this anomaly. Materials and Methods: Clinical photographs and study models were made for all new patients with MnP-TSD teeth who were seen over 20 years. The mesiodistal (MD) and faciolingual (FL) dimensions of the anomalous premolars were measured. MD/FL indices and MD × FL mm(2) occlusal crown areas were calculated and means and standard deviations were derived. Male and female means from the mandibular first and second anomalous premolars (MnP1/MnP2-TSD) were statistically compared against gender-specific means derived from published normative data using Student's t-tests and chi-square tests. Results: Fifty-six individuals (33 male and 23 female) with MnP-TSD were identified, giving a male to female ratio of 1.4∶1, while the prevalence rate in the indigenous British population was estimated to be 0.6%. The MD widths of the MnP1-TSD and MnP2-TSD teeth were approximately 1 mm wider than normal, while the FL diameters were about 0.5 mm and 1.5 mm narrower respectively, for the first and second premolar teeth. The MD/FL indices, instead of being under 90 as usual were above 100, while the mean MD/FL mm(2) crown surface areas were normal. Conclusions: This study supplies odontometric dimensional and morphologic data on MnP-TSD teeth that provide a reference source for future comparisons.
Authors:
Robert Anthony Clive Chate
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Angle orthodontist     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1945-7103     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370550     Medline TA:  Angle Orthod     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Department Head, Department of Orthodontics, Colchester Hospital University NHS Foundation Trust, Essex County Hospital, Colchester, Essex, UK.
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