Document Detail

Oculomotor response to rapid head oscillation (0.5-5.0 Hz) after prolonged adaptation to vision-reversal. "Simple" and "complex" effects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7056337     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined long-term (up to 27 days) effects of maintained vision reversal on (i) smooth visual tracking with head still, (ii) oculomotor response to actively, generated head oscillation and (iii) "spontaneous" saccades. Dove prism goggles produced horizontal, but not vertical (sagittal plane), vision reversal. Eye movements were recorded by EOG; head movements by an electro-magnetic search coil. Both visual tracking and saccade dynamics remained unchanged throughout. In contrast, both the ocular response to active head oscillations (goggles off and subject looking at a stationary target) and associated retinal image blur showed substantial and retained adaptive changes, akin to those previously found in the vestibulo-ocular reflex as tested in darkness at 0.17 Hz. However, several addition unexpected results emerged. First, in the fully adapted state smooth eye movements tended to be of reversed phase in the range 0.5-1.0 Hz (in spite of normal vision during tests), but of normal phase from about 2 Hz and above (in spite of negligible visual tracking in this upper range). Second, after permanent removal of the inverting goggles, this peculiar frequency response of the fully adapted state quickly (36 h) reverted to a dynamically simpler condition manifest as retained (2-3 weeks) attenuation of gain (eye vel./head vel.) which, as in control conditions, was monotonically related to frequency. From these two findings it is inferred that the fully adapted state may have comprised two separate components: (i) A "simple element of monotonic and long-lasting gain attenuation and (ii) a "complex", frequency labile, element which could be quickly rejected. Dynamic characteristics of the putative "complex" element were estimated by vectorial subtraction of the "simple" one from that of the fully adapted condition. The outcome suggests that the inferred "complex" condition might represent a predictive element. Two further findings are reported: (i) Substantially different vectors of the adapted response were obtained with normal and reversed vision at 3.0 Hz head oscillation, indicating a novel visual tracking. (ii) During head oscillation in the vesicle sagittal plane (in which vision was not reversed) there was never any image blur, indicating high geometric specificity in the adaptive process.
G Melvill Jones; A Gonshor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0014-4819     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  1982  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-04-12     Completed Date:  1982-04-12     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  45-58     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation
Eye Movements*
Oculomotor Nerve / physiology*
Photic Stimulation
Vision, Ocular*

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