Document Detail

Ocular manifestations in paediatric HIV/AIDS patients in Mulago Hospital, Uganda.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12913799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: In Uganda the prevalence of HIV averages 12% as was reported to the STD/AIDS control surveillance unit. In Uganda there are approximately 30,000 HIV infected infants per year. The burden of HIV disease is high in Uganda and patients present with ocular complications. However, there is paucity of information and knowledge concerning ocular manifestations in the paediatric HIV/AIDS population and how they may differ from those of adults.
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ocular manifestations of HIV/AIDS infection in an African paediatric population. Generally the study will record the external ocular manifestations seen but specifically to document the intra-ocular lesions, in particular the retinal changes associated with paediatric HIV/AIDS.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional hospital based study.
SETTING: The study was conducted at the Paediatric Infectious Disease Clinic at Upper Mulago Hospital, in Kampala, Uganda.
PATIENTS: Patients are those with positive HIV sero status, with or without symptoms and signs of AIDS. Parents/caretakers of the children were interviewed to obtain the socio-demographic data of the patients and a general physical as well as an ophthalmic examination were conducted to document any ocular problems.
RESULTS: A total of 158 HIV -infected children were examined. The overall rate of ophthalmic involvement was 35%. The most common finding was a non-purulent conjuctivitis, observed in 12% of the patients, followed by perivasculitis of the peripheral retinal vessels, in 12% of patients and molluscum contagiosum.
Erick Ikoona; Israel Kalyesubula; Medi Kawuma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  African health sciences     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1729-0503     ISO Abbreviation:  Afr Health Sci     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-12     Completed Date:  2008-11-03     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101149451     Medline TA:  Afr Health Sci     Country:  Uganda    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
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MeSH Terms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eye Diseases / epidemiology*,  etiology
HIV Infections / complications*
Socioeconomic Factors
Uganda / epidemiology

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