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Ocular circulatory responses to exhaustive exercise in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22262011     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It is unclear whether exhaustive dynamic exercise increases ocular blood flow, although we have reported that submaximal exercise increases ocular blood flow. We hypothesized that ocular blood flow decreases at exhaustion, since exhaustion causes hyperventilation, which induces a reduction in PaCO(2). To test this hypothesis, ocular blood flow, blood pressure, and respiratory measurements were made in 12 healthy male subjects during cycle ergometer exercise at 75% of maximal heart rate, until exhaustion. Blood flows in the retinal and choroidal vasculature (RCV), the superior temporal retinal arteriole (STRA), and the superior nasal retinal arteriole (SNRA) were measured with the aid of laser-speckle flowgraphy every 3 min during the exercise. The conductance index (CI) in the ocular vasculature was calculated by dividing the blood flow by the mean arterial pressure (MAP). The mean arterial partial pressure of CO(2) (PaCO(2)) was estimated from tidal volume and end-tidal CO(2) partial pressure. MAP significantly increased from the resting baseline throughout the exercise, while PaCO(2) was significantly decreased at exhaustion and during the recovery period. By 6 min after the onset of exercise, blood flow velocity in the RCV significantly increased by 32 ± 6% (mean ± SD) from the resting baseline value. At exhaustion, blood flow velocity in the RCV did not differ significantly from the resting baseline value, and the STRA blood flow was significantly decreased by 13 ± 4%. The CIs in the RCV, STRA, and SNRA were significantly decreased compared to baseline at exhaustion. These findings suggest that ocular blood flow is increased by submaximal exercise, whereas it is suppressed by the hypocapnia associated with exhaustion.
Authors:
Tsukasa Ikemura; Naoyuki Hayashi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka, 816-8580, Japan.
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