Document Detail

Ocular and auditory toxicity in hemodialyzed patients receiving desferrioxamine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2234245     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
During an 18-month period of study 41 hemodialyzed patients receiving desferrioxamine (10-40 mg/kg BW/3 times weekly) for the first time were monitored for detection of audiovisual toxicity. 6 patients presented clinical symptoms of visual or auditory toxicity. Moreover, detailed ophthalmologic and audiologic studies disclosed abnormalities in 7 more asymptomatic patients. Visual toxicity was of retinal origin and was characterized by a tritan-type dyschromatopsy, sometimes associated with a loss of visual acuity and pigmentary retinal deposits. Auditory toxicity was characterized by a mid- to high-frequency neurosensorial hearing loss and the lesion was of the cochlear type. Desferrioxamine withdrawal resulted in a complete recovery of visual function in 1 patient and partial recovery in 3, and a complete reversal of hearing loss in 3 patients and partial recovery in 3. This toxicity appeared in patients receiving the higher doses of desferrioxamine or coincided with the normalization of ferritin or aluminium serum levels. The data indicate that audiovisual toxicity is not an infrequent complication in hemodialyzed patients receiving desferrioxamine. Periodical audiovisual monitoring should be performed on hemodialyzed patients receiving the drug in order to detect adverse effects as early as possible.
A Cases; J Kelly; F Sabater; A Torras; M C Griño; J Lopez-Pedret; L Revert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephron     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0028-2766     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephron     Publication Date:  1990  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-12-10     Completed Date:  1990-12-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0331777     Medline TA:  Nephron     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Nephrology Service, Hospital Clinic i Provincial, Barcelona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Chelation Therapy
Deferoxamine / adverse effects*,  therapeutic use
Hearing Loss, Bilateral / chemically induced*
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / chemically induced*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Renal Dialysis / adverse effects
Retinal Diseases / chemically induced
Vision Disorders / chemically induced*
Reg. No./Substance:
70-51-9/Deferoxamine; 7429-90-5/Aluminum; 7439-89-6/Iron

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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