Document Detail

Octreotide for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus: Clinical effects and an in vitro study on its therapeutic mechanism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21979989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Increased serum growth hormone (GH), together with high expression of growth hormone receptor on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), correlates with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) activity, suggesting that modulation of GH signaling may affect SLE activity. We explored the effects of octreotide (OCT), an analog of somatostatin that suppresses the release of GH, in SLE. The objectives of the study were to investigate effects of OCT on the proliferative capacity and cytokine expression of PBMCs from patients with SLE and to investigate therapeutic effects of OCT in patients with SLE. PBMCs from 13 active/inactive SLE patients and 11 controls were pretreated with or without GH and cultured with OCT. The proliferation of PBMCs was assessed by MTT assay and cytokines were quantified by ELISA. We compared the clinical response of 12 patients with SLE treated with OCT (100 µg twice daily) with 12 patients treated with prednisone over three months. OCT inhibited PBMC proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and decreased the secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). Patients treated with OCT demonstrated improvements in SLEDAI, dsDNA titer, complement levels, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). OCT inhibited PBMC proliferation and PBMC secretion of IL-6, IL-10 and IFN-γ stimulated by GH. Treatment of patients with OCT resulted in clinical improvement in SLE.
Y Zhang; W Huang; F Li; S Feng; K Kang; J Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lupus     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1477-0962     ISO Abbreviation:  Lupus     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204265     Medline TA:  Lupus     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1172-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Dermatology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
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