Document Detail


Occurrence and seasonal transmission of hematozoa in wild turkeys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2250319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The occurrence and seasonal patterns of transmission of the blood protozoa of wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) were studied at Tallahala Wildlife Management Area (TWMA) (Jasper County, Mississippi, USA). Blood smears obtained from wild turkeys in winter, spring and summer, and from sentinel domestic turkeys throughout the year were examined for Haemoproteus meleagridis and Leucocytozoon smithi. Whole blood from wild turkeys captured in summer was subinoculated into malaria-free domestic turkey poults and recipient birds were examined for Plasmodium spp. The prevalence of H. meleagridis and L. smithi were not different (P greater than 0.05) between adults and juveniles or between male and female turkeys in any season. Leucocytozoon smithi was not detected in poults in summer or in juveniles examined in winter. Sentinel studies and information from wild birds revealed that transmission of H. meleagridis and L. smithi did not overlap. Haemoproteus meleagridis was transmitted from May through November, while L. smithi was transmitted only from January through April. The onset of transmission of H. meleagridis coincided with peak hatching (mid-May) and brood-rearing (May-November) of turkey poults. Plasmodium spp. were not found in turkeys from TWMA (n = 27) nor in birds from three widely separated counties (n = 28) in Mississippi.
Authors:
L M Stacey; C E Couvillion; C Siefker; G A Hurst
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of wildlife diseases     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0090-3558     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Wildl. Dis.     Publication Date:  1990 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-01-15     Completed Date:  1991-01-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0244160     Medline TA:  J Wildl Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  442-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Mississippi State University 39762.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Wild
Bird Diseases / epidemiology*,  transmission
Female
Male
Mississippi / epidemiology
Prevalence
Protozoan Infections / epidemiology,  transmission
Protozoan Infections, Animal*
Seasons
Turkeys / parasitology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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