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Occurrence of late gadolinium enhancement is associated with increased left ventricular wall stress and mass in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21803756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Occurrence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has been attributed to various myocardial injuries. We hypothesized that LGE is associated with left ventricular (LV) wall stress. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 300 patients with suspected non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiac magnetic resonance was used to assess LV volume, mass, wall stress, and LGE. Increased LV end-diastolic wall stress (> 4 kPa) was found in 112 patients (37 %), and increased end-systolic wall stress (>18 kPa) in 121 patients (40%). Presence of LGE was observed in 93 patients (31%). End-diastolic (94 ± 43 vs. 79 ± 42 ml/m&sup2;, P = 0.006) and end-systolic LV volumes (62 ± 44 vs. 44 ± 37 ml/m&sup2;, P < 0.001) and LV mass (95 ± 34 vs. 78 ± 31 g/m&sup2;, P < 0.001) were increased in patients exhibiting LGE. In particular, LV end-diastolic and end-systolic wall stress were increased (4.5 ± 2.8 vs. 3.6 ± 3.0 kPa, P = 0.025; 19.6 ± 9.1 vs. 17.5 ± 8.2 kPa, P = 0.045). Late gadolinium enhancement was observed more frequently than would be expected from random occurrence in patients with increased end-diastolic (39 vs. 26%, P = 0.020) and end-systolic wall stress (41 vs. 24%, P = 0.002). Both normal end-diastolic and end-systolic wall stress had a high negative predictive value for LGE (75 and 76%). CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that occurrence of LGE in cardiomyopathy is associated with increased LV wall stress and mass. Suspected causes are an increased capillary leakage by stretch, impaired contrast agent redistribution, or increased diffusion distances. It is proposed that LGE should be considered as a potential prognostic determinant of heart failure and severe arrhythmias.
Authors:
Peter Alter; Heinz Rupp; Philipp Adams; Florian Stoll; Jens H Figiel; Klaus J Klose; Marga B Rominger; Bernhard Maisch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of heart failure     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0844     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100887595     Medline TA:  Eur J Heart Fail     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine-Cardiology, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany.
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