Document Detail


Occurrence of PCDD/Fs in urban air before and after the ban of leaded gasoline.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15876394     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The source of PCDDs and PCDFs in automotive exhaust is not yet fully explained. The chlorinated hydrocarbons used in the formulation of lead-alkyl additives were suspected as a possible major source. Based on this, the decreasing use of leaded gasoline followed by its final ban (occurred on 1/1/2002, in Italy) should have resulted in a decreasing presence of PCDD/Fs in urban air and possibly some differences in their profile. To investigate these aspects, we monitored PCDD/Fs for one year starting in September 2001, at a medium-traffic road site in Rome, with weekly frequency. Results were then compared with those obtained in a previous study performed before the ban (from February 2000 to January 2001) at the same site. As compared with the previous study, the yearly-averaged overall PCDD/F concentration, as toxic equivalent of 2,3,7,8-TCDD, decreased from 60 to 50 fg m(-3) I-TEQ; it remained unchanged, however, if one sample with a particularly high PCDD/F content was excluded from each data set. The monthly trend confirmed the one found in the former study. On an annual basis, the two mean congener profiles were almost identical. The concentration levels and the constancy of profiles, as calculated for the two periods, do not support the hypothesis of a major role of leaded gasoline, substantially different from unleaded one, in contributing to PCDD/F air pollution.
Authors:
Luigi Turrio-Baldassarri; Vittorio Abate; Nicola Iacovella; Fabio Monfredini; Edoardo Menichini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemosphere     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0045-6535     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemosphere     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-06     Completed Date:  2005-07-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320657     Medline TA:  Chemosphere     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1517-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy. lturrio@iss.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis*
Benzofurans / analysis*
Chromatography, Gas
Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Pollution / legislation & jurisprudence*
Gasoline*
Lead*
Polymers / analysis*
Rome
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin / analogs & derivatives*,  analysis*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0/Benzofurans; 0/Gasoline; 0/Polymers; 0/polychlorodibenzo-4-dioxin; 0/polychlorodibenzofuran; 1746-01-6/Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin; 7439-92-1/Lead

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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