Document Detail

Occurrence of free and conjugated Fusarium mycotoxins in cereal-based food.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20496251     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A collection of 84 cereal-based food products in 25 composites, including beer, was screened for the presence of deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, and their respective metabolites deoxynivalenol-3-glucopyranoside, 3-acetyl-deoxynivalenol, zearalenol-4-glucopyranoside, alpha-zearalenol, beta-zearalenol, alpha-zearalenol-4-glucopyranoside, beta-zearalenol-4-glucopyranoside, and zearalenone-4-sulfate. The most abundant analyte was zearalenone-4-sulfate, which was found in 13 composites, albeit in low concentrations. Furthermore, deoxynivalenol was detected in eight, zearalenone in seven, and deoxynivalenol-3-glucopyranoside in two composites. None of the remaining six analytes was found in any matrices, which suggests that, if at all present, the concentrations of these latter metabolites are very low and, hence, do not impose any danger to consumers. The highest mycotoxin content was found in bran flakes with 254 ng g(-1) deoxynivalenol, 6 ng g(-1) zearalenone-4-sulfate, and 44 ng g(-1) zearalenone.
O Vendl; C Crews; S MacDonald; R Krska; F Berthiller
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1944-0057     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-30     Completed Date:  2010-11-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485040     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1148-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Agrobiotechnology IFA-Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, A-3430 Tulln, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Cereals / adverse effects,  chemistry*
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Fast Foods / adverse effects,  analysis
Food Contamination* / statistics & numerical data
Food Inspection / methods
Fusarium / metabolism*
Great Britain
Limit of Detection
Mycotoxins / analysis*,  chemistry,  metabolism*
Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Trichothecenes / analysis,  chemistry,  metabolism
Zearalenone / analysis,  chemistry,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Mycotoxins; 0/Trichothecenes; 17924-92-4/Zearalenone; 51481-10-8/deoxynivalenol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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