Document Detail

Occurrence of aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, and fumonisins in retail foods in Japan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16786858     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We conducted a survey of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, and G2, ochratoxin A, and fumonisin B1, B2, and B3 contamination in various foods on the retail market in Japan in 2004 and 2005. The mycotoxins were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, or high-performance thin-layer chromatography. Aflatoxins were detected in 10 of 21 peanut butter samples; the highest concentration of aflatoxin B1 was 2.59 microg/kg. Aflatoxin contamination was not found in corn products, corn, peanuts, buckwheat flour, dried buckwheat noodles, rice, or sesame oil. Ochratoxin A was detected in oatmeal, wheat flour, rye, buckwheat flour, green coffee beans, roasted coffee beans, raisins, beer, and wine but not in rice or corn products. Ochratoxin A concentrations in contaminated samples were below 0.8 microg/kg. Fumonisins were detected in popcorn, frozen corn, corn flakes, and corn grits. The highest concentrations of fumonisins B1, B2, and B3 in these samples were 354.0, 94.0, and 64.0 microg/kg, respectively.
Yoshiko Sugita-Konishi; Masahiro Nakajima; Setsuko Tabata; Eiichi Ishikuro; Toshitsugu Tanaka; Hiroko Norizuki; Yoshinori Itoh; Koji Aoyama; Kazuhiro Fujita; Shigemi Kai; Susumu Kumagai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-21     Completed Date:  2006-07-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1365-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1, Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158-8501, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aflatoxins / analysis*
Arachis hypogaea / chemistry
Cereals / chemistry
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Chromatography, Thin Layer
Consumer Product Safety*
Food Analysis
Food Contamination / analysis*
Fumonisins / analysis*
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Ochratoxins / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins; 0/Fumonisins; 0/Ochratoxins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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