Document Detail


Occurrence of Campylobacter spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. in seagulls (Larus spp.).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12653305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An investigation was carried out into the prevalence of thermophilic Campylobacter subspecies (spp.) and Cryptosporidium spp. in fresh fecal specimens collected from members of the gull family (Larus spp.) from three coastal locations of Northern Ireland. A total of 205 fresh fecal specimens were collected from gulls, of which 28 of 205 (13.7%) were positive for Campylobacter spp. and none of 205 for Cryptosporidium spp. Of these campylobacters, 21 of 28 (75%) isolates obtained belonged to the urease-positive thermophilic Campylobacter (UPTC) taxon, followed by five of 28 (17.9%) Campylobacter lari and 2/28 (7.1%) Campylobacter jejuni. It is significant that seagulls are the sole warm-blooded animal host of this bacterial taxon in Northern Ireland. It is proposed that physiological adaptation to starvation by gulls may lead to increased concentrations of urea through energy production from protein, yielding increased levels of urea for metabolism by UPTC organisms. In general, the possibility exists that environmental contamination of surface waters with campylobacters might be mediated by wild birds (such as gulls), where such waters are used for recreational purposes or where such waters are consumed untreated, might represent a risk to public health.
Authors:
John E Moore; Deidre Gilpin; Elizabeth Crothers; Anne Canney; Aki Kaneko; Motoo Matsuda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.)     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1530-3667     ISO Abbreviation:  Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis.     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-25     Completed Date:  2003-04-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100965525     Medline TA:  Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Northern Ireland Public Health Laboratory, Department of Bacteriology, Belfast City Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. jemoore@niphl.dnet.co.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Birds / microbiology*,  physiology
Campylobacter / classification,  isolation & purification*
Cryptosporidium / isolation & purification*
Feces / microbiology
Seawater
Water Pollutants
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Water Pollutants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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